Bona Fide Needs Rule
In federal contracting,
certain sections of The Government Accountability Office's
Principles of Federal Appropriations Law (The Red Book) are used. WIFCON.com has converted
the often-used Bona Fide Needs Rule to .html, the language of the
internet. The document contains many links to GAO cases provided
The Bona Fide Needs Rule
published here is taken from the Principles
of Federal Appropriations Law, Third Edition, Volume 1.
The updates from 2005 to 2010 are included in this
document. The document was converted in the
following manner. First the document was taken from .pdf format and
converted to .html. Second, the .html version was set up
with the same paragraph structure as provided in The
Red Book. Third, hyperlinks were added. Fourth, the
updates were added to the appropriate sections of the Bona Fide Needs
The Red Book —
Principles of Federal Appropriations Law
The Red Book was first published in the early 1980s.
document, along with its other five volumes, was published with red covers and quickly
became known as The Red Book. In publishing the document, GAO notes
that its objective "is to present a basic reference
work covering those areas of law in which the Comptroller
General renders decisions." GAO's approach is to
"lay a foundation with text discussion, using
relevant authorities to illustrate the principles
discussed, their application, and exceptions."
In January 4, 2004, the Government
Accountability Office (GAO) published
Principles of Federal Appropriations Law,
Third Edition, Volume 1.
In March 2005, The Red Book was further updated in a
In April 2006,
The Red Book , Volume 1 was updated.
The GAO provides a
link for Red Book Queries.
The Red Book is
not really a book--it is five large volumes and update. In all its online glory, it needs
over 25 megabytes of storage in its .pdf
format. GAO did not make it accessible. Some of the volumes
exceed 600 pages and are several megabytes each.
Unfortunately, that is all there is. The titles of the
chapters have been added to the table above so you might have
better luck hitting the exact volume you want.
Fiscal Law Tutorials
The Department of the Army and the
Government Accountability Office provide its Fiscal Law
overviews or classes.