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Matthew Fleharty

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About Matthew Fleharty

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  1. I agree with everything you just said Vern, that's why I used the words "which, I agree, is still movement in the right direction" in my previous response. However, there seems to be another issue here with that no one has talked about. Presumably, the Government does not want to exercise an option for production of whatever this is until they get the first article and test results (that makes sense) - but we all know delays happen. So why not specify a period post-completion of Phase I (with better grammar than the 52.217-7 language) rather than hoping everything goes according to plan from the outset when establishing the option? Or would you rather include a specific date and modify the contract's option if/when a delay occurs?
  2. Aside from changing the grammar of the 52.217-7 clause (which, I agree, is still movement in the right direction), I don't see how that solution is any different from a risk of delays perspective. It merely eliminates the need for someone to do math or call the grammar police to determine what the date is for the option deadline. Is there any issue you're aware of with my previously proposed solution to use an option exercise deadline of X days/months after Phase I completion (or some other milestone)?
  3. This is a great example where a little bit of thinking could have avoided wasting time and effort (and paperwork)...why not specify the option period for Phase II as "X days/months post completion of Phase I (or some other milestone)" given that delays on projects involving producing first articles and testing are a possibility?
  4. If? 😑 What’s the basic rule governing how an option must be exercised? What are the rules governing changes to a contract when it comes to the Competition in Contracting Act (CICA)? I’m sure if you thought about those two questions in light of all the situational facts you have available that we don’t/won’t, you’d know what you could and couldn’t do and how to do it. You didn’t post this in the beginner’s section so you should have some foundational knowledge about contracting (and options) - try thinking about it from that vantage point.
  5. That doesn’t answer the question: think about what options are and the rule(s) that govern them...
  6. Since it’s the weekend, try pondering the following: What rule(s) about options or modifying contract options leads you to conclude that your situation is substantively different merely because a base period is active?
  7. Matthew Fleharty

    Probability Problem #2

    Unfortunately, too much of the former at the expense of the latter... 😔
  8. Matthew Fleharty

    Probability Problem #2

    Don’t fight the hypo - if based on extensive analysis a CO thinks two outcomes are equally likely, what then?
  9. Matthew Fleharty

    Probability Problem #2

    One more thought regarding the concept of probably cost and the words most likely: What if the probabilities for a proposal were 50% and 50%? Since neither is technically most likely what then under @jayandstacey‘s standard for determining probable cost?
  10. Matthew Fleharty

    Probability Problem #2

    Well the I think that answers it then - I didn’t have resources handy to look up the reference, but Vern provides the reasonable standard used by the GAO to evaluate cost realism methodologies. So the question is whether a method is unreasonable given what the solicitation states - in this case, I don’t think the expected cost estimate methodology I provided in my first post is unreasonable. Are there any other methods you or others would use to estimate the probable cost in the given hypothetical?
  11. Matthew Fleharty

    Probability Problem #2

    I may be wrong, but I don’t think FAR 15.404-1(d) is so clear that the cost with the highest probability is necessarily the probable cost. @jayandstacey honed in on the words most likely, which is an argument in favor of that point; however, that argument ignores the words best estimate. An estimate that outright ignores, a 20%, 40%, etc. of cases is, arguably, an incomplete estimate regardless of how much probability the one most likely event captures. Let’s imagine we had a third contractor, we’ll call him Bob. The probability of Bob’s cost being $100M is 51%. There’s a 49% chance that the cost will be $200M. While $100M is technically more likely than $200M, does $100M represent the best estimate of the potential cost of a contract with Bob? I’m traveling so I’m without my usual resources - if someone could point to particular case law I’d be curious to know how this matter has been adjudicated.
  12. Matthew Fleharty

    Probability Problem #2

    I don’t think that’s helpful in deciding between the two - if the RFP merely stated that I think a Contracting Officer could make an argument for either approach estimating the “probable cost.” Neither seems entirely unreasonable to me.
  13. Matthew Fleharty

    Probability Problem #2

    The expected cost of Edwards’ offer is $104M (($100M * 0.8) + ($120M * 0.2)). The expected cost of Hoffman’s offer is $108M (($100M * 0.6) + ($120M * 0.4)). However, whether one uses expected cost calculations like the two above or the most probable cost (which for both offers is $100M) depends on the language in one’s RFP.
  14. Matthew Fleharty

    Availability of Funds as Evaluation Criterion

    This is basically the BAA approach, but for "innovative commercial items, technologies, or services." If you read FAR 35.016 you'll notice a lot of the language in the Class Deviation is lifted word for word from there. Since proposals are not necessarily evaluated against each other, there are concerns of affordability (i.e. a proposal can be technically sound with a fair and reasonable price yet not affordable).
  15. @Tony Bones Stop trolling - clearly you have a bone to pick with Vern, so pick it elsewhere (i.e. you can send direct messages if you must)