Policy Memo on TINA Sweeps - Referenced Spector Memo in Contract Pricing Including CAS & Allowable Costs Posted Monday at 06:00 PM · Report reply Also, it is not clear to me as to over whom the contractor is gaining a competitive advantage. A competitive advantage can arise in regard to a party with whom negotiations are being conducted. The purpose of requiring contractors to submit certified cost or pricing data is to eliminate a supposed competitive advantage contractors have over the government in regard to the ability to make judgments concerning what would be a fair and reasonable price. In the pre-award context, if cost or pricing data is not submitted until after agreement on price, the contractor may have a competitive advantage over the government in regard to whether the price agreed to should stand. If the contracting officer believes negotiations should be reopened to allow the government to seek a lower price, there is little incentive, in the present case, for the contractor to agree. Thus, the government can be faced with either accepting a price it believes is too high, or foregoing acquiring the supplies or services it needs.