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Centre Law & Consulting

Mark your calendars to join Barbara Kinosky at the upcoming Section 809 Panel meeting on April 27 at 11:30am where she will be an invited featured speaker.

Section 809 Panel stakeholder meetings provide a forum for external experts in the defense acquisition community to provide input to representatives of the panel for consideration in the panel’s work. The Section 809 Panel is looking at reforming and streamlining acquisition regulations with a view toward improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the defense acquisition process and maintaining a defense technology advantage. The panel is charged with making recommendations for the amendment or repeal of such regulations that the panel considers necessary, as a result of such review, to:

  • Establish and administer appropriate buyer and seller relationships in the procurement system
  • Improve the functioning of the acquisition system
  • Ensure the continuing financial and ethical integrity of defense procurement programs
  • Protect the best interests of the Department of Defense
  • Eliminate any regulations that are unnecessary for the purposes described

All Section 809 Panel meetings are open to the general public and details are posted to the panel’s website.
 
Section 809 Panel logo
 

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Mrs. Kinosky has been invited to speak during the “Enterprise Risk Management Session – Managing Fraud Risk through ERM and current trends with GSA Price Reductions” on Thursday, May 5, 2016 at 11:10am in Tysons Corner, VA.

About Barbara Kinosky

Barbara Kinosky is the Managing Partner of Centre Law and Consulting and has over twenty-five years of experience in all aspects of federal government contracting. Barbara is a nationally known expert on GSA and VA Schedules and the Service Contract Act. She has a proven track record of solving complex issues for clients by providing strategic and business savvy advice. Barbara was named a top attorney for federal contracting by Smart CEO magazine in 2010, 2012 and 2015. Prior to establishing Centre, Barbara was the head of a government contracts practice group at a major law firm. She started Centre is 2002 to provide integrated legal, GSA consulting and training services.

About the 21st Annual Government Contracting Update

“Doing business with the US Government is extremely challenging. This event has provided an annual update for the Government Contracting industry for the past 20 years. This year, we will be presenting the update utilizing different formats including panels and breakout sessions with DHG industry leaders, attorneys, and industry representatives who face and address contracting issues and challenges on a daily basis.”

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Reproduced with permission from Federal Contracts Report, 105 FCR (Dec. 6, 2016). Copyright 2016 by The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc. (800-372-1033) http://www.bna.com

Talk More, Fret Less, Proposed Rule Urges Feds, Contractors

Federal acquisition officials are encouraging increased communication between industry and government, in the hope of ensuring a more efficient process for both parties.

An updated regulation would make it clear that it’s in the government’s best interests to talk to industry during all phases of the purchasing process, according to a proposed Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) rule published Nov. 29 in the Federal Register. It bolsters the notion, detailed in procurement policy memos issued in 2011 and 2012, that acquisition officials need to fret less about possible negative ramifications of talking to industry, and instead open lines of communication.

Some government contracts attorneys say they approve of the renewed emphasis.

“For a long time, there has been a fear of communication between agencies and contractors, but that needs to continue to change,” Jeff Chiow, a shareholder with the law firm Rogers Joseph O’Donnell PC in Washington, told Bloomberg BNA. “I think it’s absolutely appropriate.”

‘Must Not Hesitate.’
The proposed rule would mandate that the FAR adopt a section of the 2016 National Defense Authorization Act, which made it clear that agency acquisition personnel are “permitted and encouraged to engage in responsible and constructive exchanges with industry, so long as those exchanges are consistent with existing law and regulation and do not promote an unfair competitive advantage to particular firms.”

The proposed language to the FAR takes this one step further, specifically suggesting that government officials “must not hesitate” to communicate with industry as early as possible in the acquisition cycle to help determine what exactly is available in the commercial marketplace.

The rule also would add language to the FAR ensuring that agencies maximize their use of commercial products and services in meeting their requirements.

The key is that agencies should be broadcasting their plans to all competitors, and then have “frank conversations about what’s needed” with them to help determine if their proposals might be tweaked to fit the government’s needs. “The emphasis should be at the beginning of the process, but communication should be ongoing,” he said.

Not all government contracts attorneys agree on the impact of the proposed rule. Some say it wouldn’t do anything to stop the process from tilting toward larger contractors.

“In my opinion, the proposed rule does not materially change the current government and industry procurement cycle interaction or lack thereof,” Barbara Kinosky, managing partner of Centre Law & Consulting, told Bloomberg BNA in an e-mailed statement. “The large companies and those with savvy sales people will always be on the front end of procurements. They did not get to be large businesses by finding out about procurements on eBuy for the first time.”

The rule won’t change a government culture that, as it pertains to smaller procurements, “believes in low price and minimum engagement with contractors,” Kinosky said.

Common Misconceptions.
The proposed FAR rule was spurred by a pair of detailed procurement policy memos titled “Myth-Busting” and “Myth-Busting 2” that discussed “misconceptions” about communication between industry and government during the acquisition process.

The first of the memos, issued Feb. 2, 2011, and authored by Dan Gordon, then the administrator of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy, addressed what he said were 10 common misconceptions, including ungrounded fears that contractor-government communications are often the source of bid protests, and that because contractors are akin to registered lobbyists, conversations with them should be avoided to reduce disclosure burdens.

“While agencies do not have the resources and are not required to meet with every vendor at every step of the acquisition process, information gathered from industry sources plays an invaluable role in the acquisition process,” Gordon wrote. “For this reason, agencies must develop practices that will ensure early, frequent, and constructive communication during key phases of the process.”
 

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NCMA NOVA Chapter Event on January 27

On January 27, Barbara Kinosky, Esq. will be a featured speaker at the NCMA NOVA chapter’s first monthly meeting of the new year for “Trends 2017 – the Ultimate Ins and Outs of Government Contracting”. Attendees will come up-to-date on all the latest hot topics in the federal contracting industry including:

  • What will a Trump presidency look like?
  • Will there be more emphasis on defense spending?
  • How will federal regulations be impacted?
  • Executive orders, compliance, audits – what’s in, what’s out?

Join us to hear all this and more as part of the January meeting discussion!

Lead Instructor of Service Contract Labor Standards Training Course on February 1-2

The Service Contract Labor Standards (formerly the Service Contract Act) is one of the most challenging acts in federal contracting. With more than 20 years of experience, Barbara has seen many federal contractors fall victim to several common areas of concern.

On February 1-2, Barbara will once again serve as lead instructor for Centre’s Service Contract Labor Standards training course. The content will cover the award and administration of covered contracts and provide detailed information on how to identify and mitigate risk under the SCLS, apply wage and benefit rules, avoid violations, fulfill SCLS obligations, and understand special compliance issues from the Department of Labor.

This course is designed for Contract Managers and Administrators, Contracting Officers and Specialists, Program Managers, Human Resource Managers, Executives, and any personnel responsible for preparing proposals.

See the Centre Training Calendar for more details and registration information.

NCMA SubCon Training Workshop on March 31

Barbara will be a featured workshop leader on March 31 at 8:30am for NCMA’s new SubCon Training Workshops (SubCon) event.

SubCon is designed to provide targeted subcontracting training by industry and government practitioners. A series of workshops will provide interactive discussions around discussions around buying, compliance, post-award management, and leadership.

Her advanced-level workshop – Things I Have Learned as an Arbitrator on How Not to Draft Agreements – will draw on her experience as an expert witness in prime subcontractor disputes and as an arbitrator on the Complex Disputes Panel of the American Arbitration Association. She has seen dozens of cases of “it was clear to me when I drafted it, so why are we in litigation?” Learn from the mistakes of others and avoid common ambiguities in teaming agreements, subcontracts, and other legal documents. If you draft any type of agreement, this session is for you.

More than 200 industry procurement professionals and government program managers are expected at the SubCon event.
 

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Awardee’s Below Market Employee Compensation Not a Win for Protester | Centre Law & Consulting in Tysons, VA
 
Warning! This post contains explicit (and depressing) news about low bidders using below market salaries and benefits to win contracts. The Air Force issued a solicitation for information technology services at Joint Base San Antonio. The RFP provided for award to the offeror that submitted a technically-acceptable proposal with the lowest price and a realistic employee compensation plan (ECP). For the ECP evaluation, the solicitation stated that the plans “will be evaluated for realism” and directed offerors to submit their ECPs in accordance with FAR provision 52.222-46.

The purpose of that FAR provision is to evaluate whether offerors will obtain and keep the quality of professional services needed for adequate contract performance. The Air Force compared the awardee, BTAS, Inc.’s proposed compensation for its professional labor categories to that of three other offerors and salary data on salary.com. The Air Force found that on average BTAS’s labor rates and fringe were below that on salary.com but, despite that, the total package was realistic. The short story is that BTAS won with a below market wage and benefit package and Microtechnology protested – and lost.

The GAO held that nothing in FAR 52.222-46 required the Air Force to find that both an offeror’s proposed fringe benefits and salary are, independently, realistic. Instead, the provision requires agencies to assess whether an offeror’s proposed “total compensation” is realistic. They found no basis to conclude that the Air Force’s evaluation of the offeror’s total compensation was unreasonable.

The quick take away is that if an agency follows the evaluation criteria and that the evaluation was not unreasonable, it will be sustained.

Read more on the GAO website.
 
About the Author

Barbara Kinosky Barbara Kinosky
Managing Partner

Barbara Kinosky has more than twenty-five years of experience in all aspects of federal government contracting and is a nationally known expert on GSA and VA Schedules and the Service Contract Act. She has a proven track record of solving complex issues for clients by providing strategic and business savvy advice. Barbara was named a top attorney for federal contracting by Smart CEO magazine in 2010, 2012, and 2015.

 

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On August 24, 2017, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) final rule amending the NASA Federal Acquisition Supplement by adding a policy on the use of “award terms” will take effect. Award terms are an incentive for contractors to go above and beyond a satisfactory performance to obtain an additional period of performance. Each award term cannot exceed one year in length, but is in addition to the base and option years.

The difference between exercising an option and an award term is that award terms require excellent performance, while exercising an option only requires acceptable performance. This provides contractors additional incentives to perform as best as possible. Both award terms and contract options can be used under the same contract.

Award terms will most likely be found in contracts that involve long term relationships and for service contracts valued at more than $20 million dollars.  In considering whether to use an award term, the government must weigh the administrative burden and cost of more frequent procurements versus market stability, technology advances, and the need for flexibility.  Contractors may be evaluated and earn an award term for their work in the base period, option periods, and even during earned award terms.  The requirements to provide an award term is that there must be an on-going need for the service, funds available, and the contractor must not be listed in the SAM Exclusions List.  An award term plan must also be included in all contracts that include award terms and contain the following information: evaluation factors, performance standards, adjectival ratings, weighting system, the evaluation period, and decision point timeframes. This rule has the potential to incentivize greater contractor performance on large service contracts.

The full final rule can be found here:

https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2017/07/25/2017-15520/nasa-federal-acquisition-regulation-supplement-award-term-nfs-case-2016-n027

 

About the Author

Colin Johnson | Centre Law & Consulting in Tysons VA Colin Johnson
Contracts Manager

Colin Johnson is a Contracts Manager who focuses on business development and federal contracts management. His expertise is in preparing quotes and responses for both government and commercial entities for training and legal support services.

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Are You A Federal Acquisition Service GSA MAS Contract Holder? | Centre Law & Consulting in Tysons, VA
 
The General Services Administration (GSA) Federal Acquisition Service (FAS) is planning to refresh all GSA Multiple Award Schedules (MAS) to incorporate provision and clause updates in April 2017. This update will align MAS solicitations and contracts with recent policy changes, including small business subcontracting improvements and updates to Non-Federal Entity access to Schedules, including under the Disaster Purchasing Program. These regulatory changes further codify the Non-Federal entity access authorized under law and previously implemented via policy in GSA Order 4800.2H (now 4800.2I) in June 2013.

GSA FAS will host a public webinar to provide interested parties an opportunity to learn about the planned changes and ask related questions. The webinar will be in a listen-only format with the ability for participants to type questions via an online chat function. Webinar information is provided below.

Date: Wednesday, March 22, 2017
Time: 2:00pm – 3:00pm Eastern Time
Web Meeting Registration Link

GSA FAS will issue a bilateral modification to incorporate the planned changes into existing contracts. MAS contractors will have 90 days to accept the mass modification.

Learn more at GSA Interact.

Information reposted from the General Services Administration.

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In a GAO decision released September 13, 2017, the GAO denied Walker Development & Trading Group, Inc.’s (“Walker”) request for reconsideration of the denial of its costs.

On January 2, 2017, Walker filed a protest arguing that the Department of Veterans Affairs (“VA”) did not properly set a requirement aside for small businesses. In the VA’s report, the contracting officer stated that, after performing market research, she did not have a reasonable expectation that two or more capable small businesses would submit offers.  The GAO subsequently requested additional information on two potentially capable small businesses. Before filing its supplemental report at the request of the GAO, the VA advised the GAO that it intended to take corrective action. As such, the GAO dismissed the protest as academic.

Walker subsequently filed a request that it be reimbursed its costs of pursuing the protest by asserting that it was clearly meritorious and that the agency unduly delayed taking corrective action. The GAO denied Walker’s request, finding that the protest allegation was not clearly meritorious as the resolution of the protest required further record development.

Walker has then requested reconsideration of the GAO’s denial of its costs. However, in order to prevail on a request for reconsideration, a party must set out the factual and legal grounds requiring reversal and the party must specify any errors of law made or information not previously considered.

In its request for reconsideration, Walker argued that the decision contained a legal error as the GAO did not consider whether the VA unduly delayed in taking corrective action. However, as the GAO noted, in order to prevail in a request for reimbursement of costs, the protestor must show both that its protest was clearly meritorious and that the agency unduly delayed in taking corrective action. As Walker already failed to demonstrate that it was clearly meritorious, the GAO did not need to reach the decision as to whether the VA unduly delayed taking corrective action.

About the Author:

Heather Mims | Centre Law & Consulting in Tysons VA Heather Mims
Associate Attorney

Heather Mims is an associate attorney at Centre Law & Consulting. Her practice is primarily focused on government contracts law, employment law, and litigation. Heather graduated magna cum laude from the George Mason School of Law where she was the Senior Research Editor for the Law Review and a Writing Fellow.

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Employees are expensive. It’s little surprise market forces incentivize companies to search for a way to get the same work out of people without paying for holidays, accommodating disabilities, and paying overtime, among countless other requirements. Imagine if you could save all this money within the law and avoid the risk of employment discrimination lawsuits. With all these savings your company could lower the price of your services/goods and edge out the competition. Figure out how to replace the lion’s share of your workforce as independent contractors and you could be living the dream, right?

Well, if your current company is currently staffed entirely by “independent contractors,” then madam/sir I am happy to meet with you to discuss both your unique staffing model and your likely immediate need for outside legal services.  Very rare is the government contractor that truly has “no employees” (though we’ve seen a few try).

That said, statistics show that there are currently an estimated 40 million independent contractors in America.  Clearly not everyone who takes money from you in exchange for a service should be called your employee. But where is the line between my contracting with a freelance plumber and a commercial company drawing billions in revenue from hundreds of thousands of its drivers? As we’ve discussed in prior blog posts, the government contracts industry is rife with the use (and abuse) of independent contractor status; and federal regulators have been tightening the screws on the use of the status.  This past year, arguably more than ever, the courts and legislators across the country are wrestling with the employee/independent contractor distinction with messy results.

Federal courts have increasingly grown skeptical of massive independent contractor agreements but don’t seem sure how to address it given the long precedent defining the relationship. One way is to decrease the incentives of an independent contractor relationship like the 1st Circuit recently did in Oliveira v. New Prime, Inc., restricting the use of mandatory arbitration agreements on independent contractors. In California, the court forced an extra $15 million out of Lyft in a settlement agreement designed to avoid the costly test of their independent contractor classification.

Coast to coast, states are trying to get a handle on independent contractors too. New York’s recent “Freelance Isn’t Free Act” requires that all entities that engage a freelance worker for $800 or more in services execute a written agreement. Where Nevada is attempting to tackle the problem industry by industry rather than with general rules.  Not everyone wants to put breaks on the independent contractor train though. Alaska and Florida have more clearly defined boundaries in favor independent contracting status, though it may just add problems for employers still wrestling with federal regulations on the same issues.

Perhaps the most hopeful part of the confused situation, is this wide variation in responses. There will certainly continue to be growing pains as the legal standards develop, but the unique effects of these policies may offer a chance to evaluate which can keep independent contractor status alive and appropriately limited.

 

About the Author:

Tyler Freiberger Headshot | Centre Law & Consulting in Tysons, VA Tyler Freiberger
Associate Attorney

Tyler Freiberger is an associate attorney at Centre Law & Consulting primarily focusing on employment law and litigation. He has successfully litigated employment issues before the EEOC, MSPB, local counties human rights commissions, the United States D.C. District Court, Maryland District Court, and the Eastern District of Virginia.

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NDAA Provision Requires Federal Procurement Through ‘Online Marketplaces’

A provision contained in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (NDAA), H.R. 2810, covers “Procurement Through Online Marketplaces.”  Section 801 of Act requires the Administrator of the General Services Administration (GSA) to establish for government-wide use a program to procure products through online marketplaces for the purposes of expediting procurements while ensuring reasonable pricing of commercial products.

The GSA Administrator is required to carry out this program by the issuance of more than one contract with more than one online marketplace provider.

Although the program will be available government-wide, the Act specifically directs the Secretary of Defense to (shall) use the online Marketplaces, as appropriate, in the purchase of commercial products.

The Act also provides criteria for use in establishing Federal online marketplaces under the program:

  • is used widely in the private sector, including in business-to-business e-commerce;
  • provides dynamic selection, in which suppliers and products may be frequently updated, and dynamic pricing, in which product prices may be frequently updated;
  • enables offers from multiple suppliers on the same or similar products to be sorted or fileted based on product and shipping price, delivery date, and reviews of suppliers or products;
  • does not feature or prioritize a product of a supplier based on any compensation or fee paid to the online marketplace by the supplier that is exclusively for such featuring or prioritization on the online marketplace;
  • provides the capability for procurement oversight controls, including spending limits, order approval, and order tracking;
  • provides consolidated invoicing, payment, and customer service functions for all transactions;
  • satisfies requirements for supplier and product screening requirements of the Act; and
  • collects information necessary to fulfil the order information requirements of the Act

The Act includes requirements for supplier and product screening.

Products procured through the Federal online marketplace will be deemed to have satisfied competitive procurement requirements if there are offers from two or more suppliers of such a product or similar product with substantially the same physical, functional, or performance characteristics on the online marketplace.  Procurements consummated using the online marketplace will be deemed an award of a prime contract for purposes of goals under the Small Business Act.  Nothing in the Act shall be construed as limiting the authority of a department or agency to restrict competition to small business concerns.

NDAA passed the U.S. House of Representatives on July 14, 2017.  The U.S. Senate agreed to a motion to proceed with action on July 25, 2017.

 

About the Author:

Wayne Simpson | Centre Law & Consulting Wayne Simpson
Consultant

Wayne Simpson is a seasoned former Federal executive and acquisition professional who is also a highly-motivated and demonstrative small business advocate, with nearly 38 years of Federal Civilian Service with the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), and its predecessor organization, the Veterans Administration.

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In a decision on July 10, 2017, the GAO found that an agency reasonably canceled its solicitation after a protest where the agency’s requirements were time dependent.

Tien Walker, a small business, protested the cancelation of the solicitation issued by the Department of State for public opinion polling surveys to be conducted in South Asia. Specifically, the selected contractor was to conduct two public opinion surveys in Afghanistan, with the first survey to be completed before the start of the Muslim observance of Ramadan. Before the solicitation’s closing time, Tien Walker filed a protest with the GAO alleging that the solicitation was unduly restrictive and not properly set aside for small businesses. In response, the Department of State notified that GAO that it had canceled the solicitation and would not resolicit the polling survey. The GAO then dismissed Tien Walker’s protest as academic.

Tien Walker has now protested the cancelation of the solicitation as improper. Specifically, Tien Walker argued that the Department of State unreasonably canceled the solicitation as a pretext to avoid the GAO’s review of its protest.

In denying the protest, the GAO noted that a contracting agency has broad discretion in deciding whether to cancel a solicitation. The GAO further noted that an agency need only establish a reasonable basis to support its decision to cancel a solicitation. Where a protester argues that the agency’s rational for cancellation of a solicitation is mere pretext, the GAO will nonetheless still examine the reasonableness of the agency’s actions.

The Department of State’s rationale for canceling the solicitation relied upon the required stay of contract award and performance due to Tien Walker’s initial protest. The agency further clarified that even if Tien Walker’s first protest was denied, no contractor would have been able to complete the first survey prior to Ramadan. Therefore, the GAO found that the agency’s rationale for canceling the solicitation was reasonable and was not a pretext to avoid awarding the contract on a competitive basis. As such, the GAO denied the protest.

 

About the Author:

Heather Mims | Centre Law & Consulting in Tysons VA Heather Mims
Associate Attorney

Heather Mims is an associate attorney at Centre Law & Consulting. Her practice is primarily focused on government contracts law, employment law, and litigation. Heather graduated magna cum laude from the George Mason School of Law where she was the Senior Research Editor for the Law Review and a Writing Fellow.

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A New Source Selection Procedure You May Not Know | Centre Law & Consulting in Tysons VA
 
In April 2016, the Department of Defense (DoD) published a memorandum expanding DoD Source Selection Procedures beyond Tradeoff and Lowest Price Technically Acceptable (LPTA) to include Value Adjusted Total Evaluated Price (VATEP) Tradeoff. This newer procedure’s intent is to help define how the government evaluates contractor capabilities that go beyond minimum requirements and reach the government’s objective.

Although it’s been an option since April, we’re finding that many people still are unfamiliar with it. And we’ve certainly not seen it used in many solicitations yet either.

What does VATEP do?

VATEP Tradeoff monetizes a contractor’s performance and capabilities that exceed the minimum threshold and reach a maximum level. It provides a dollar amount or percentage that would then be “credited” to the contractor’s price proposal. This “credit” will not affect the amount awarded, only the government evaluated price. It is important to keep in mind that if the contractor’s price falls outside the affordability cap, this “credit” would still not bring a price below it.

For example, let’s say the government wants a chair made. The government states that the chair needs a minimum of three legs so it won’t fall over, but they would prefer a chair with four legs. Being the entrepreneur that you are, you have the capability to make chairs that have both three and four legs. Making a chair with three legs is considerably cheaper than four, but you are not sure how much the government values that extra leg if a traditional Best Value Tradeoff evaluation was used. VATEP puts a dollar figure on that leg, which would then be subtracted from your proposed price to reach the government evaluated price.

How does it help me?

By putting a specific value on a contractor’s performance and capabilities that reach the objective level, it provides the contractor clarity on whether to pursue additional performance beyond the government’s minimum requirements. If a company know it will cost them $500 to put that extra leg on all the chairs and the government only values the leg at $250, then the company knows it should only offer the government the three-legged chair instead.

This new procedure certainly won’t make sense for every requirement, but it does offer the government a way to make the process less cryptic. Could we see more agencies start to use this?

Only time will tell.

 
About the Author

Michael Glazer | Centre Law & Consulting in Tysons VA Colin Johnson
Contracts Manager

Colin Johnson is a Contracts Manager who focuses on business development and federal contracts management. His expertise is in preparing quotes and responses for both government and commercial entities for training and legal support services.

 

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Bid Protest: “Professional Compensation” Sinks Contract Award | Centre Law & Consulting in Tysons, VA
 
Last week, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) released the public version of its decision sustaining the protest of contractor A-P-T Research, Inc. with respect to a procurement with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for various support services. In addition to a potential impaired objectivity organizational conflict of interest, the protest was sustained because the awardee’s proposed professional compensation was at the low end of the experience and compensation scales used for evaluation. With that, the contemporaneous record lacked a reasoned basis for finding the professional compensation and related costs to be acceptable or realistic.

Because a cost-reimbursement contract’s cost is driven in significant measure by labor costs, the procuring agency is required to evaluate each offeror’s direct labor rates to ensure that they are realistic. The purpose of a review of compensation for professional employees under the provision at FAR § 52.222-46 is to determine whether offerors will obtain and keep the quality of professional services needed for adequate contract performance and to evaluate whether offerors understand the nature of the work to be performed. As the FAR provision states, the “professional compensation proposed will be considered in terms of its impact upon recruiting and retention, its realism, and its consistency with a total plan for compensation.” Further supporting information including “data, such as recognized national and regional compensation surveys and studies of professional, public, and private organizations, used in establishing the total compensation structure” are to be provided.

In brief, the Agency sustained the protest because “the record contains no meaningful explanation of how [NASA] concluded that [the awardee] would be able to retain” the proposed incumbent employees at the compensation offered, which would result in significant pay decreases. Rather, the record contained only general statements that concerns regarding compensation had been addressed via discussions.

Notably, the Agency did not express a view on the argument that FAR § 52.222-46 requires a direct comparison of proposed compensation and actual incumbent compensation rates. However, it is clear that under-cutting on professional salaries can be a dangerous gambit.

About the Author:

David Warner | Centre Law & Consulting David Warner
Partner

David Warner is a seasoned legal counselor with extensive experience in the resolution and litigation of complex employment and business disputes. His practice is focused on the government contractor, nonprofit, and hospitality industries. David leads Centre’s audit, investigation, and litigation practices.

 

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On April 18, 2017, the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) published a proposed rule in the Federal Register to amend its regulations to adopt and incorporate the U.S Office of Management and Budget’s (OMB) North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) revisions for 2017, identified as “NAICS 2017.”  SBA proposes to adopt the updated table of size standards effective October 1, 2017, to coincide with beginning of the government’s next fiscal year.

NAICS 2017 creates 21 new industries by reclassifying, combining or splitting 29 existing industries under changes made in “NAICS 2012.”

SBA’s proposed size standards for the 21 new industries have resulted in an increase in size standards for six NAICS 2012 industries and part of one, a decrease to size standards for two, a change in the size standards measure from average gross annual receipts to average number of employees for one industry.  There are no changes for 20 industries and part of one.

SBA included six tables in its proposed rule showing the changes, which occur in the following NAICS Sectors:  21, Mining; 33, Manufacturing; 45, Retail Trade; 51, Information; 53, Real Estate and Rental Leasing; 54, Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services; and 72, Accommodation and Food Services.  We recommend consulting these tables if your business is engaged in one of these NAICS Sectors to determine if your business is impacted by the changes.

A note to large business prime contractors with Small Business Subcontracting Plans:  These changes could also impact the size status of your suppliers and subcontractors which may impact your ability to meet your Small Business Subcontracting Goals.

Why are NAICS Codes Important to Federal Contractors?

NAICS classifies business establishments for the purpose of collecting, analyzing, and publishing statistical data related to the U.S. economy.  NAICS Industry Codes define establishments based on the activities in which they are primarily engaged.

NAICS Codes are important in the conduct of U.S. Government procurements, as a NAICS Code is assigned to each procurement by the procuring contracting officer.  NAICS Codes have a size standard assigned by SBA which will determine whether a business is small or other than small (large) business in response to a government procurement.  Companies may be a small business under one NAICS Code, and other than small (large) business under another.  Click here to view SBA’s Size Standards Table, updated February 26, 2016.

The corresponding size standard to a NAICS Code assigned by the contracting officer to a government procurement is especially important when the procurement is conducted using a set-aside for small business, as it will determine a company’s eligibility to participate under a small business set-aside.

More Information on NAICS Codes

Visit the U.S Census Bureau’s North American Industry Classification System website where you can use their useful tool to search NAICS by key word, sector, or NAICS Code:

https://www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/

 

About the Author:

Wayne Simpson | Centre Law & Consulting Wayne Simpson
Consultant

Wayne Simpson is a seasoned former Federal executive and acquisition professional who is also a highly-motivated and demonstrative small business advocate, with nearly 38 years of Federal Civilian Service with the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), and its predecessor organization, the Veterans Administration.

 

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Journalist Michael Kinsley once said, “A gaffe is when a politician tells the truth – some obvious truth he isn’t supposed to say.” The same can now be said of unions talking about Executive Order 13673 regarding “Fair Pay and Safe Workplaces.”

Now, who could possibly object to fair pay and safe workplaces? Well, let’s let the Teamsters for a Democratic Union explain the obvious truth (that they aren’t supposed to say) about how the reporting and “blacklisting” aspects of that that innocuous sounding executive order will work in practice. In an August 22 blog post entitled Obama ‘Blacklisting’ Rule – New Leverage for Unions, the union posits the following scenario (complete with colorful dialogue):

Consider a union that strikes an auto plant for a new contract. Soon after workers hit the bricks, the union president has the following conversation with the general manager.

Morris, we are two weeks into this goddam strike and the company shows no sign of accepting a fair labor agreement. That is your prerogative, but I think you need to take a fresh look. For one thing, we have filed six ULP charges over the company’s failure to provide information, illegal surveillance, and intimidation on the picket line – and are getting ready to file three more. The NLRB investigator has indicated that he will be recommending complaints on at least four of our charges.

You say that the NLRB is toothless but you are apparently unaware that the rules of the game have drastically changed. Under a new Order issued by the President, a federal contractor that incurs NLRB or other labor law complaints must report them to federal contracting agencies and face the prospect of losing existing and future contracts. Putting it plainly: unless you settle this strike within the next few days and the union withdraws its charges, you are likely to be marked as a “repeat labor law offender,” one of the highest categories of wrongdoing under the President’s Order. Check this out with your hotshot legal team.

Counting all of its divisions, this corporation has federal contracts in the hundreds of millions. Do you really want to jeopardize this pot of gold to save a few hundred thousand dollars in the union contact?

“Fair” indeed. And welcome, contractors, to the “obvious truth” that the Fair Pay and Safe Workplaces executive order will be a powerful new tool for union organizing campaigns.

About the Author:

David Warner | Centre Law & Consulting David Warner
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David Warner is a seasoned counselor in the resolution and litigation of complex employment and business disputes. His practice is focused on the government contractor, nonprofit, and hospitality industries. David has extensive experience representing contractors in affirmative action, Davis-Bacon Act, and Service Contract Act compliance audits. He also represents businesses with regard to wage and hour compliance, DOL audits, and litigation.

 

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