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The Adarand Chronicle:  From Bakke to Adarand VII

The Justices

There were 17 Supreme Court Justices involved in the Adarand and supporting cases.  The table below provides background on their appointments and time on the Court.  
 
Justice Appointed By Oath Taken Service Ended
Brennan Eisenhower October 16, 1956 July 20, 1990
Stewart Eisenhower October 14, 1958 July 3, 1981
White Kennedy April 16, 1962 June 28, 1993
Marshall Johnson October 2, 1967 October 1, 1991
Burger (Chief Justice) Nixon June 23, 1969 September 26, 1986
Blackmun Nixon June 9, 1970 August 3, 1994
Powell Nixon January 7, 1972 June 26, 1987
Rehnquist (Justice) Nixon January 7, 1972  
Rehnquist (Chief Justice) Reagan September 26, 1986  
Stevens Ford December 19, 1975  
O'Connor Reagan September 25, 1981  
Scalia Reagan September 26, 1986  
Kennedy Reagan February 18, 1988  
Souter Bush October 9, 1990  
Thomas Bush October 23, 1991  
Ginsburg Clinton August 10. 1993  
Breyer Clinton August 3, 1994  

Only Chief Justice Rehnquist and Justice Stevens remain on the Court from the Bakke decision.  The changes in Justices from the initial decisions in Bakke and Fullilove to those in Adarand III can be seen in the table below.  Finally, the changes in Justices from Metro to Adarand III is clear.  

Justice Bakke Fullilove Wygant Croson Metro Adarand III
Brennan            
Stewart            
White            
Marshall            
Burger (Chief Justice)            
Blackmun            
Powell            
Rehnquist (as Justice)            
Rehnquist (as Chief Justice)            
Stevens            
O'Connor            
Scalia            
Kennedy            
Souter            
Thomas            
Ginsburg            
Breyer            

Source data:  United States Supreme Court

Copyright 2001 by Robert Antonio

 

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